Faculty Members

Dr. Lo Tek Sheng, Kevin (盧笛聲博士)

Assistant Professor
Associate Director of the David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies

Environmental governance and politics, Decarbonization, Resettlement, China

AAB 902M
(852) 3411 3397
(852) 3411 5990


  • Ph.D., University of Melbourne, Australia
  • M.Env., University of Melbourne, Australia
  • M.Sc., Brunel University London, UK
  • B.Sc. (Hons.), The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong



  • Sustainable Community Energy Planning
  • Global Energy Development
  • Energy Audit and Carbon Management
  • Research Methods and Statistics
  • Renewable energy systems and Technology



  • Environmental governance and politics
  • Decarbonization
  • Resettlement
  • China



  • Founding Editor, Journal of Asian Energy Studies (from 2017).
  • Section Editor, Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports (from 2016).
  • Review Editor, Frontiers in Energy Research (from 2015).
  • Editorial Board Member, AIMS Energy (from 2013).



  • 2017 Best Conference Paper Award, RSA Australasia Conference.
  • 2016 Visiting Professor, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • 2012-2014 Melbourne School of Land and Environment Postgraduate Publishing Award
  • 2009 Melbourne Global Scholars Award



Research Impact Fund (RIF), Research Grants Council. Exploring the role of big data analytics in promoting smart low-carbon cities: A human-centered, community-based, and deep engagement approach in Hong Kong, HKD 5,700,000.

General Research Fund (GRF), Research Grants Council. Decentralized Climate Governance and Policy Implementation in China: Unraveling a Paradox, 2019-2021, HKD 757,920.

Early Career Scheme (ECS), Research Grants Council. China’s Low-Carbon City Initiative: Authoritarian Environmentalism and Climate Policy Experimentation, 2018-2020, HKD 820,000.

Talent Introduction Project, Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2016-2020, CNY 400,000.

Digital Scholarship Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. HK Solar Map: A GIS Web Application for Rooftop Photovoltaics, 2016-2017, HKD 80,000.

Faculty Research Grant, Hong Kong Baptist University. Local Climate Governance in China: A Systematic National Survey of Local Low-Carbon Responses, 2015-2016, HKD 49,000.

2021. Lo, K. Authoritarian environmentalism, just transition, and the tension between environmental protection and social justice in China’s forestry reform. Forest Policy and Economics, 131, 102574.

2021. Zhu, L and Lo, K. Non-timber forest products as livelihood restoration in forest conservation: A restorative justice approach. Trees, Forests, and People, 6, 100130.

2021. Mah, DNY, Cheung, DMW, Leung, MKH, Wang, MY, Wong, MW, Lo, K and Cheung ATF. Policy mixes and the policy learning process of energy transitions: Insights from the feed-in tariff policy and urban community solar in Hong Kong. Energy Policy, 157, 112214.

2021. Gao, X, Huang, X, Lo, K, Dang, Q and Wen, R. Vegetation responses to climate change in the Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve, Northwest China. Global Ecology and Conservation, 28, e01698.

2021. Yang, S, Wang, D and Lo, K. An inverted-U relationship between house prices and migrant integration. Cities, 103375.

2021. Liu, M and Lo, K. Governing eco-cities in China: Urban climate experimentation, international cooperation, and multilevel governance. Geoforum, 121, 12-22.

2021. Yang, X and Lo, K. Environmental health research and the COVID-19 pandemic: A turning point towards sustainability. Environmental Research, 197, 111157.

2021. Gao, X, Wang, K, Lo, K, Wen, R, Mi, X, Liu, K and Huang X. An evaluation of coupling coordination between rural development and water environment in northwestern China. Land, 10, 405.

2021. Liu, J, Lo, K, Mah, D and Guo M. Cross-border governance and sustainable energy transition: The case of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 8, 101-106.

2020. Castán Broto, V, Mah, D, Zhang, F, Huang, P, Lo, K and Westman, L. Spatiotemporal perspectives on urban energy transitions: a comparative study of three cities in China. Urban Transformations, 2, 11.

2020. Lo, K. Ecological civilization, authoritarian environmentalism, and the eco-politics of extractive governance in China. The Extractive Industries and Society, 7, 1029-1035.

2020. Rogers, S, Li, J, Lo, K, Guo, H and Li, C. Moving millions to eliminate poverty: China’s rapidly evolving practice of poverty resettlement. Development Policy Review, 38, 541-554.

2020. Lo, K. Governing energy consumption in China: a comprehensive assessment of the energy conservation target responsibility system. Energy Transitions, 4, 57–67

2020. Liu, M and Lo, K. Pathways to international cooperation on climate governance in China: A comparative analysis. Journal of Chinese Governance. Online first.

2020. Li, L, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Liu, W and Li, J. The evolution of regional economic resilience in the old industrial bases in China: A case study of Liaoning Province, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 340-351.

2020. Tong, W, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Land Consolidation in Rural China: Life Satisfaction among Resettlers and Its Determinants. Land, 9, 118.

2020. Lo, K, Li, H and Chen, K. Climate experimentation and the limits of top-down control: Local variation of climate pilots in China. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63, 109-126.

2020. Li, H, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Population shrinkage in resource-dependent cities in China: Processes, patterns and drivers. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 1-15.

2020. Tan, J, Lo, K, Qiu, F, Zhang, X and Zhao, H. Regional economic resilience of resource‐based cities and influential factors during economic crises in China. Growth and Change, 51, 362-381.

2019. Lo, K and Castán Broto, V. Co-benefits, contradictions, and multi-level governance of low-carbon experimentation: Leveraging solar energy for sustainable development in China. Global Environmental Change. 59, 101993.

2019. Tong, W, Zhu, L and Lo, K. Livelihood adaptation and life satisfaction among land-lost farmers: Critiquing China’s urbanisation-driven land appropriation. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 46, 149-161.

2019. Rogers, S, Li, J, Lo, K, Guo, H and Li, C. Moving millions to eliminate poverty: China’s rapidly evolving practice of poverty resettlement. Development Policy Review. doi.org/10.1111/dpr.12435.

2019. Lo, K, Li, J, Wang, M, Li, C, Li S and Li, Y. A comparative analysis of participating and non-participating households in pro-poor tourism in southern Shaanxi, China. Tourism Planning & Development, 16, 318-333.

2019. Yang, Y and Lo, K. Experimentation under hierarchy and China’s low-carbon city development. Journal of Low Carbon Economy, 8, 71-81.

2019. Li, J, Guo, M and Lo, K. Estimating housing vacancy rates in rural China using power consumption data. Sustainability, 11, 5722.

2018. Li, J, Lo, K and Guo, M. What influences the choice between private car and public transport for shopping trips? Impact of socio-economic and built environment factors. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 2, 29-43.

2018. Guan, H, Liu, W, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Li J and Li L. Analyzing industrial structure evolution of old industrial cities using evolutionary resilience theory: A case study in Shenyang of China. Chinese Geographical Science, 28, 516-528.

2018. Mah, DNY, Wang, G, Lo, K, Leung, KHM, Hills, P and Lo, AY. Barriers and policy enablers for solar PV in cities: Perspectives of potential adopters in Hong Kong. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 92, 921-936.

2018. Li, J, Lo, K and Zhang, P. Shopping mobility and travel carbon emissions among suburban residents: lessons from Shenyang city, China. Journal of Spatial Science, 63, 311-323.

2018. Yang, S, Cao, D and Lo, K. Analyzing and optimizing the impact of economic restructuring on Shanghai’s carbon emissions using STIRPAT and NSGA-II. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40, 44-53.

2018. Li, J, Lo, K and Guo, M. Do socio-economic characteristics affect travel behavior? A comparative study of low-carbon and non-low-carbon shopping travel in Shenyang City, China. International Journal of Environment Research and Public Health, 15, 1346.

2018. Lo, K, Mah, DNY, Wang, G, Leung, KHM, Lo, AY and Hills, P (2018). Barriers to adopting solar photovoltaic systems in Hong Kong. Energy & Environment, 29, 649–663.

2018. Lo, K and Wang, M (2018). How voluntary is poverty alleviation resettlement in China? Habitat International, 73, 34-42.

2017. Lo, K. Energy efficiency programs in China, in Solomon, B and Calvert, K (eds), Handbook of the Geographies of Energy, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 211-219.

2017. Tan, J, Lo, K, Qiu, F, Liu, W, Li, J and Zhang, P. Regional economic resilience: Resistance and recoverability of resource-based cities during economic crises in Northeast China. Sustainability, 9, 2136.

2017. Liu, D, Lo, K, Song, W and Xie, C.  Spatial patterns of car sales and their socio-economic attributes in China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 684-696.

2017. Li, J, Lo, K, Zhang, P and Guo, M. Relationship between built environment, socio-economic factors and carbon emissions from shopping trip in Shenyang City, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 722-734.

2017. Lo, K and Wang, M. Low-carbon (re-)industrialization: Lessons from China, in Nawratek, K (eds), Urban Re-Industrialization, Punctum Books, Brooklyn, 149-158.

2017. Tan, J, Zhang P, Lo, K, Li, J and Liu, S. Conceptualizing and measuring economic resilience of resource-based cities: Case study of Northeast China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 471-481.

2017. Tong, W, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Chen, T and Gao, R. Age-differentiated impact of land appropriation and resettlement on landless farmers: A case study of Xinghua village, China. Geographical Research, 55, 293-304.

2017. Lo, K. Renewable energy development in Hong Kong: Potential, progress, and barriers. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 4, 50-55.

2017. Lo, K. Grassroots environmentalism and low-carbon cities, in Dhakal, S and Ruth, M (eds.), Creating Low Carbon Cities, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 43-50.

2017. Lo, K. Asian energy challenges in the Asian century. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 1, 1-6.

2016. Guo, F, Lo, K and Tong, L. Eco-efficiency analysis of industrial systems in the Songhua River basin: A decomposition model approach. Sustainability, 8, 1271.

2016. Tan, J, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Li, J and Liu, S. The urban transition performance of resource-based cities in Northeast China. Sustainability, 8, 1022.

2016. Li, J, Lo, K, Zhang, P, Guo, M. Consumer travel behaviors and transport carbon emissions: A comparative study of commercial centers in Shenyang, China. Energies, 9, 765.

2016. Lo, K, Xue, L, Wang, M. Spatial restructuring through poverty alleviation resettlement in rural China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 496–505.

2016. Li, H, Lo, K, Wang, M, Zhang, P, Xue, L. Industrial energy consumption in Northeast China under the revitalisation strategy: A decomposition and policy analysis. Energies9, 549.

2015. Li, J, Zhang, P, Lo, K, Guo, M, Wang, M. Reducing carbon emissions from shopping trips: Evidence from China. Energies, 8, 10043-10057.

2015. Wang, M and Lo, K. Displacement and resettlement with Chinese characteristics: An editorial introduction. Geography Research Forum, 35, 1-9.

2015. Lo, K. Governing China’s clean energy transition: Policy reforms, flexible implementation and the need for empirical investigation. Energies, 8, 13255-13264.

2015. Lo, K. How authoritarian is the environmental governance of China? Environmental Science and Policy, 54, 152-159.

2015. Lo, K, Li, H and Wang, M. Energy conservation in China’s energy-intensive enterprises: An empirical study of the Ten-Thousand Enterprises Program. Energy for Sustainable Development, 27, 105-111.

2015. Li, H, Lo, K and Wang, M. Economic transformation of mining cities in transition economies: Lessons from Daqing, Northeast China. International Development Planning Review, 37, 311-328.

2015. Yang, S, Wang, C, Lo, K, Wang, M and Liu, L. Quantifying and mapping spatial variability of Shanghai household carbon footprints. Frontiers in Energy, 9, 115-124.

2015. Lo, K. The “Warm Houses” program: Insulating existing buildings through compulsory retrofits. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 9, 63-67.

2015. Lo, K. Campus sustainability in Chinese higher education institutions: Focuses, motivation and challenges. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16, 34-43.

2015. Lo, K, Wang, M, Qin, B and Han, S. Low carbon city development in China, in Han, S, Green, R and Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Routledge, Oxon, 21-50.

2015. Lo, K and Wang, M. Low carbon policies and programs in China, in Han, S, Green, R and Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Routledge, Oxon, 51-75.

2014. Lo, K. Urban carbon governance and the transition towards low-carbon urbanism: Review of a global phenomenon. Carbon Management, 5, 269-283.

2014. Lo, K. China’s low-carbon city initiatives: The implementation gap and the limits of the target responsibility system. Habitat International, 42, 236-244.

2014. Liu, S, Zhang, P and Lo, K. Urbanization in remote areas: A case study of the Heilongjiang Reclamation Area, Northeast China. Habitat International, 42, 103-110.

2014. Lo, K. A critical review of China’s rapidly developing renewable energy and energy efficiency policies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 508-516.

2014. Lo, K. Low carbon governance in China: Barriers and solutions. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 34, 265-271.

2014. Lo, K. Energy-related carbon emissions of China’s model environmental cities. Geography Journal, 2014, 1-7.

2014. Tong, W, Yang, Q, Zhang, P, Lo, K and Han, R. The impact of economic development on the environment and the applicability of the environmental Kuznets curve in Jilin province. Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7, 732-737.

2013. Lo, K. Energy conservation in China’s higher education institutions. Energy Policy, 56, 703-710.

2013. Lo, K and Wang, M. Energy Conservation in China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period: Continuation or Paradigm Shift? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18, 499-507.

2013. Lo, K. Approaching neighborhood democracy from a longitudinal perspective: An eighteen-year case study of a homeowner association in Beijing. Urban Studies Research, 2013, 1-10.

2013. Lo, K and Wang, M. The development and localisation of a foreign gated community in Beijing. Cities, 30, 186-192.

2013. Liu, S, Zhang, P, Jiang, X and Lo, K. Measuring sustainable urbanization in China: A case study of the coastal Liaoning Area. Sustainability Science, 8, 585-594.

2013. Lo, K. Interested but unsure: Public attitudes toward electric vehicles in China. Electronic Green Journal, 36, 1-12.