Academic Staff

Dr. Lo Tek Sheng, Kevin (盧笛聲博士)

Associate Professor
Acting Director of the David C. Lam Institute for East-West Studies

Environmental Politics, Environmental Governance, Political Geography, Urban Geography, China

AAB 902M/AAB1224
(852) 3411 2873
(852) 3411 5990


  • Ph.D., University of Melbourne, Australia
  • M.Env., University of Melbourne, Australia
  • M.Sc., Brunel University London, UK
  • B.Sc. (Hons.), The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong



  • 2021  World’s Top 2% Most-Cited Scientists, Stanford University
  • 2020  Outstanding Journal Article Award, Chinese Geographical Science
  • 2020  Associate, Centre for Contemporary Chinese Studies, University of Melbourne
  • 2017 Best Conference Paper Award, RSA Australasia Conference.
  • 2016 Visiting Professor, Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology, Chinese Academy of Sciences.
  • 2012-2014 Melbourne School of Land and Environment Postgraduate Publishing Award
  • 2009 Melbourne Global Scholars Award


  • Environmental Politics
  • Environmental Governance
  • Political geography
  • Urban geography
  • China


  • Founding Editor, Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 2017-
  • Section Editor, Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 2016-
  • Review Editor, Frontiers in Energy Research, 2015-
  • Editorial Board Member, AIMS Environmental Science, 2021-
  • Editorial Board Member, Chinese Geographical Science, 2021-
  • Editorial Board Member, AIMS Energy, 2013-
  • Topical Advisory Panel, Energies, 2021-


  • Environmental Health and Policy
  • Sustainable Community Energy Planning
  • Research Methods and Statistics
  • Energy Audit and Carbon Management
  • Global Energy Development
  • Renewable energy systems and Technology




External Grants


PI, General Research Fund (GRF), Research Grants Council. Decentralized climate governance and policy implementation in China: Unraveling a paradox, 01/2019-06/2022, HKD 757,920.


PI, Early Career Scheme (ECS), Research Grants Council. China’s low-carbon city initiative: Authoritarian environmentalism and climate policy experimentation, 01/2018-06/2021, HKD 820,000.


Co-I, General Research Fund (GRF), Research Grants Council. Assessment of methane emissions from shale gas production in China, 01/2023-12/2025, HKD 684,767.


Co-PI, Research Impact Fund (RIF), Research Grants Council. Exploring the role of big data analytics in promoting smart low-carbon cities: A human-centered, community-based, and deep engagement approach in Hong Kong, 06/2021-06/2024, HKD 5,700,000.


Co-I, Public Policy Research Funding Scheme (PPR), Central Policy Unit. Engaging the community to develop a model for sustainable energy futures: A case study of two prospective solar communities in Hong Kong, 09/2018-08/2019, HKD630,000. 


Co-I, Ford Foundation, China’s urban future: Policy, people, and social change, 01/2018-12/2020, USD 206,000.

Journal Articles 


Deng L, Mah D, Cheung DM, Lo K (2023). Civic activism and petition politics in energy transitions: discursive tactics, networking, and media mobilization in an anti-nuclear movement in China. Energy Research & Social Science, 95, 102889. 


Geng Q, Lo K. Global ecological civilization: An analysis of macro-level policies of the Belt and Road Initiative. Research in Globalization, 7, 100141. 


Yu J, Li J, Lo K, Huang S (2023). Withdrawal intention of farmers from vacant rural homesteads and its influencing mechanism in Northeast China: A case study of Jilin Province. Chinese Geographical Science, 33, 634-648. 


Lo K, Kibalya B (2023). Electric cooperatives and the political economy of rural electrification in Africa: Insights from Uganda. The Electricity Journal, 36,107238. 


Yang Y, Lo K (2023). China’s renewable energy and energy efficiency policies toward carbon neutrality: A systematic cross-sectoral review. Energy & Environment


Gao X, Wen R, Lo K, Li J, Yan A (2023). Heterogeneity and non-linearity of ecosystem responses to climate change in the Qilian Mountains National Park, China. Journal of Arid Land. 15, 508-522. 


Wang X, Lo K (2023). Energy and environmental justice in China: Literature review and research agenda. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 7, 91-106. 


Yang S, Liu L, Wang C, Lo K, Wang D (2023). Elderly people’s preferences for healthcare facilities in Shanghai: gender features and influencing factor analysis. BMC Public Health, 23, 356. 


Geng Q, Lo K (2022). China’s Green Belt and Road Initiative: transnational environmental governance and causal pathways of orchestration. Environmental Politics, 1-23. 


Wang X, Lo K (2022). Pastoralism and conservation: The politics and notions of environmental justice under the grazing ban policy in Inner Mongolia, China. Political Geography, 99, 102779. 


Lam CK, He Q, Cheng KL, Fan PY, Chun KP, Choi B, Mah DN, Cheung DM, Lo K, Yetemen O (2022). Impact of climate change and socioeconomic factors on domestic energy consumption: The case of Hong Kong and Singapore. Energy Reports, 8, 12886-12904. 


Wang X, Lo K (2022). Civil society, environmental litigation, and Confucian energy justice: A case study of an environmental NGO in China. Energy Research & Social Science, 93, 102831. 


Li Y, Zhang P, Lo K, Tan J, Yang Q (2022). Borderland economic resilience under Covid-19: evidence form China-Russia border regions. International Journal of Environ mental Research and Public Health, 19, 13042. 


Liu M, Lo K (2022). Eco-cities as urban laboratories of Chinese ecological modernization: eco-experimentation and the modernization of urban governance. Urban Geography, 1-25. 


Lo K, Zhu L (2022). Voices from below: Local community perceptions of forest conservation policies in China. Forest Policy and Economics, 144, 102825. 


Liu M, Lo K, Westman L, Huang P (2022). Beyond the North-South divide: The political economy and multi-level governance of international low-carbon technology transfer in China. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions, 44, 194-204. 


Wang X, Lo K (2022). Political economy of just transition: Disparate impact of coal mine closure on state-owned and private coal workers in Inner Mongolia, China. Energy Research & Social Science, 90, 102585. 


Liu M, Lo, K (2022). Multi-actor perspective, socio-technical barriers, and microgrid development in China. The Electricity Journal, 35, 107158. 


Li L, Liu S, Li C, Zhang P, Lo K (2022). What matters for regional economic resilience amid multi shock situations: Structural or agency? Evidence from resource-based cities in China. Sustainability, 14, 5701. 


Liu M, Lo K (2022). The territorial politics of urban expansion: Administrative annexation and land acquisition. Cities, 126, 103704. 


Lo K (2022). Implications of COVID-19 for climate governance in China: The rise of an eco-surveillance state? Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 6, 25-36. 


Zhu L, Lo K (2022). Workplace attachment and the eco-restructuring of people-workplace relationships in China’s extractive forestry. The Extractive Industries and Society, 10, 101072. 


Liu J, Lo K (2022). Chinese environmental activism and the environmental politics of rumors. Political Geography, 95, 102593. 


Zhu L, Lo K (2022). Eco-socialism and the political ecology of forest conservation in the Greater Khingan Range, China. Political Geography, 93, 102533. 


Liu M, Lo K (2021). A comparative review of urban climate governance in Chinese and Western contexts. Urban Governance, 1, 81-88. 


Lo K (2021). Can authoritarian regimes achieve just energy transition? Evidence from China’s solar photovoltaic poverty alleviation initiative. Energy Research & Social Science, 82, 102315. 


Wang X, Lo K (2021). Just transition: A conceptual review. Energy Research & Social Science, 82, 102291. 


Gao X, Wang K, Lo K, Wen R, Huang X, Dang Q (2021). Water poverty assessment based on the random forest algorithm: application to Gansu, Northwest China. Water Policy, 23, 1388-1399. 


Li J, Lo K, Zhang P, Guo M (2021). Reclaiming small to fill large: A novel approach to rural residential land consolidation in China. Land Use Policy, 109, 105706. 


Tong W, Lo K (2021). Back to the countryside: Rural development and the spatial patterns of population migration in Zhejiang, China. Agriculture, 11, 788. 


Lo K (2021). Authoritarian environmentalism, just transition, and the tension between environmental protection and social justice in China’s forestry reform. Forest Policy and Economics, 131, 102574. 


Zhu L, Lo K (2021). Non-timber forest products as livelihood restoration in forest conservation: A restorative justice approach. Trees, Forests, and People, 6, 100130. 


Mah D, Cheung D, Leung M, Wang M, Wong M, Lo K, Cheung A (2021). Policy mixes and the policy learning process of energy transitions: Insights from the feed-in tariff policy and urban community solar in Hong Kong. Energy Policy, 157, 112214. 


Gao X, Huang X, Lo K, Dang Q, Wen R (2021). Vegetation responses to climate change in the Qilian Mountain Nature Reserve, Northwest China. Global Ecology and Conservation, 28, e01698. 


Yang S, Wang D, Lo K (2021). An inverted-U relationship between house prices and migrant integration. Cities, 103375. 


Liu M, Lo K (2021). Governing eco-cities in China: Urban climate experimentation, international cooperation, and multilevel governance. Geoforum, 121, 12-22. 


Yang X, Lo K (2021). Environmental health research and the COVID-19 pandemic: A turning point towards sustainability. Environmental Research, 197, 111157. 


Yang S, Wang D, Xu L, Wang C, Yang X, Lo K (2021). Private healthcare expenditure in China: A regional comparative analysis. Healthcare, 9, 1374. 


Yang S, Wang D, Li W, Wang C, Yang X, Lo, K (2021). Decoupling of elderly healthcare demand and expenditure in China. Healthcare, 9, 1346. 


Gao X, Wang K, Lo K, Wen R, Mi X, Liu K, Huang X (2021). An evaluation of coupling coordination between rural development and water environment in northwestern China. Land, 10, 405. 


Liu J, Lo K, Mah D, Guo M (2021). Cross-border governance and sustainable energy transition: The case of the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 8, 101-106. 


Liu M, Lo K (2021). Pathways to international cooperation on climate governance in China: A comparative analysis. Journal of Chinese Governance, 6, 417-434. 


Castán Broto V, Mah D, Zhang F, Huang P, Lo K, Westman L (2020). Spatiotemporal perspectives on urban energy transitions: a comparative study of three cities in China. Urban Transformations, 2, 11. 


Lo K (2020). Ecological civilization, authoritarian environmentalism, and the eco-politics of extractive governance in China. Extractive Industries and Society, 7, 1029-1035. 


Lo K (2020). COVID-19 and sustainable energy development: Agendas for future research. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 4, 20-25. 


Rogers S, Li J, Lo K, Guo H, Li C (2020). Moving millions to eliminate poverty: China’s rapidly evolving practice of poverty resettlement. Development Policy Review, 38, 541-554. 


Lo K (2020). Governing energy consumption in China: a comprehensive assessment of the energy conservation target responsibility system. Energy Transitions, 4, 57-67. 


Li L, Zhang P, Lo K, Liu W, Li J (2020). The evolution of regional economic resilience in the old industrial bases in China: A case study of Liaoning Province, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 340-351. 


Tong W, Lo K, Zhang P (2020). Land consolidation in rural China: Life satisfaction among resettlers and its determinants. Land, 9, 118. 


Lo K, Li H, Chen K (2020). Climate experimentation and the limits of top-down control: Local variation of climate pilots in China. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 63, 109-126. 


Yang Y, Lo K (2020). Policy network theory and its application in the Chinese governance. Advances in Social Sciences, 9, 1614-1623. 


Li H, Lo K, Zhang P (2020). Population shrinkage in resource-dependent cities in China: Processes, patterns and drivers. Chinese Geographical Science, 30, 1-15. 


Tan J, Lo K, Qiu F, Zhang X, Zhao H (2020). Regional economic resilience of resource‐based cities and influential factors during economic crises in China. Growth and Change, 51, 362-381. 


Lo K, Castán Broto V (2019). Co-benefits, contradictions, and multi-level governance of low-carbon experimentation: Leveraging solar energy for sustainable development in China. Global Environmental Change, 59, 101993. 


Tong W, Zhu L, Lo K (2019). Livelihood adaptation and life satisfaction among land-lost farmers: Critiquing China’s urbanisation-driven land appropriation. Bulletin of Geography. Socio-economic Series, 46, 149-161. 


Lo K, Li J, Wang M, Li C, Li S, Li Y (2019). A comparative analysis of participating and non-participating households in pro-poor tourism in southern Shaanxi, China. Tourism Planning & Development, 16, 318-333. 


Yang Y, Lo K (2019). Experimentation under hierarchy and China’s low-carbon city development. Journal of Low Carbon Economy, 8, 71-81. 


Li, J Guo M, Lo K (2019). Estimating housing vacancy rates in rural China using power consumption data. Sustainability, 11, 5722. 


Li J, Lo K, Guo M (2018). What influences the choice between private car and public transport for shopping trips? Impact of socio-economic and built environment factors. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 2, 29-43. 


Guan H, Liu W, Zhang P, Lo K, Li J, Li L (2018). Analyzing industrial structure evolution of old industrial cities using evolutionary resilience theory: A case study in Shenyang of China. Chinese Geographical Science, 28, 516-528. 


Mah DNY, Wang G, Lo K, Leung KHM, Hills P, Lo AY (2018). Barriers and policy enablers for solar PV in cities: Perspectives of potential adopters in Hong Kong. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 92, 921-936. 


Li J, Lo K, Zhang P (2018). Shopping mobility and travel carbon emissions among suburban residents: lessons from Shenyang city, China. Journal of Spatial Science, 63, 311-323. 


Yang S, Cao D, Lo K (2018). Analyzing and optimizing the impact of economic restructuring on Shanghai’s carbon emissions using STIRPAT and NSGA-II. Sustainable Cities and Society, 40, 44-53. 


Li J, Lo K, Guo M (2018). Do socio-economic characteristics affect travel behavior? A comparative study of low-carbon and non-low-carbon shopping travel in Shenyang City, China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15, 1346. 


Lo K, Mah DNY, Wang G, Leung KHM, Lo AY, Hills, P (2018). Barriers to adopting solar photovoltaic systems in Hong Kong. Energy & Environment, 29, 649–663. 


Lo K, Wang M (2018). How voluntary is poverty alleviation resettlement in China? Habitat International, 73, 34-42. 


Tan J, Lo K, Qiu F, Liu W, Li J, Zhang P (2017). Regional economic resilience: Resistance and recoverability of resource-based cities during economic crises in Northeast China. Sustainability, 9, 2136. 


Liu D, Lo K, Song W, Xie C (2017). Spatial patterns of car sales and their socio-economic attributes in China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 684-696. 


Li J, Lo K, Zhang P, Guo M (2017). Relationship between built environment, socio-economic factors and carbon emissions from shopping trip in Shenyang City, China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 722-734. 


Tan J, Zhang P, Lo K, Li J, Liu, S (2017). Conceptualizing and measuring economic resilience of resource-based cities: Case study of Northeast China. Chinese Geographical Science, 27, 471-481. 


Tong W, Zhang P, Lo K, Chen T, Gao R (2017). Age-differentiated impact of land appropriation and resettlement on landless farmers: A case study of Xinghua village, China. Geographical Research, 55, 293-304. 


Lo K (2017). Renewable energy development in Hong Kong: Potential, progress, and barriers. Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 4, 50-55. 


Lo K (2017). Asian energy challenges in the Asian century. Journal of Asian Energy Studies, 1, 1-6. 


Guo F, Lo K, Tong L (2016). Eco-efficiency analysis of industrial systems in the Songhua River basin: A decomposition model approach. Sustainability, 8, 1271. 


Tan J, Zhang P, Lo K, Li J, Liu S (2016). The urban transition performance of resource-based cities in Northeast China. Sustainability, 8, 1022. 


Li J, Lo K, Zhang P, Guo M (2016). Consumer travel behaviors and transport carbon emissions: A comparative study of commercial centers in Shenyang, China. Energies, 9, 765. 


Lo K, Xue L, Wang M (2016). Spatial restructuring through poverty alleviation resettlement in rural China. Journal of Rural Studies, 47, 496–505. 


Li H, Lo K, Wang M, Zhang P, Xue L (2016). Industrial energy consumption in Northeast China under the revitalisation strategy: A decomposition and policy analysis. Energies9, 549. 


Li J, Zhang P, Lo K, Guo M, Wang M (2015). Reducing carbon emissions from shopping trips: Evidence from China. Energies, 8, 10043-10057. 


Wang M, Lo K (2015). Displacement and resettlement with Chinese characteristics: An editorial introduction. Geography Research Forum, 35, 1-9. 


Lo K (2015). Governing China’s clean energy transition: Policy reforms, flexible implementation and the need for empirical investigation. Energies, 8, 13255-13264. 


Lo K (2015). How authoritarian is the environmental governance of China? Environmental Science and Policy, 54, 152-159. 


Lo K, Li H, Wang M (2015). Energy conservation in China’s energy-intensive enterprises: An empirical study of the Ten-Thousand Enterprises Program. Energy for Sustainable Development, 27, 105-111. 


Li H, Lo K, Wang M (2015). Economic transformation of mining cities in transition economies: Lessons from Daqing, Northeast China. International Development Planning Review, 37, 311-328. 


Yang S, Wang C, Lo K, Wang M, Liu L (2015). Quantifying and mapping spatial variability of Shanghai household carbon footprints. Frontiers in Energy, 9, 115-124. 


Lo K (2015). The “Warm Houses” program: Insulating existing buildings through compulsory retrofits. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 9, 63-67.  


Lo K (2015). Campus sustainability in Chinese higher education institutions: Focuses, motivation and challenges. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 16, 34-43. 


Lo K (2014). Urban carbon governance and the transition towards low-carbon urbanism: Review of a global phenomenon. Carbon Management, 5, 269-283. 


Lo K (2014). China’s low-carbon city initiatives: The implementation gap and the limits of the target responsibility system. Habitat International, 42, 236-244. 


Liu S, Zhang P, Lo K (2014). Urbanization in remote areas: A case study of the Heilongjiang Reclamation Area, Northeast China. Habitat International, 42, 103-110. 


Lo K (2014). A critical review of China’s rapidly developing renewable energy and energy efficiency policies. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 29, 508-516. 


Lo K (2014). Low carbon governance in China: Barriers and solutions. Scientia Geographica Sinica, 34, 265-271. 


Lo K* (2014). Energy-related carbon emissions of China’s model environmental cities. Geography Journal, 2014, 1-7. 


Tong W, Yang Q, Zhang P, Lo K and Han R (2014). The impact of economic development on the environment and the applicability of the environmental Kuznets curve in Jilin province. Journal of Earth Sciences and Engineering, 7, 732-737. 


Lo K (2013). Deliberating on the energy cap in China: The key to a low-carbon future? Carbon Management, 4, 365-367. 


Lo K (2013). Energy conservation in China’s higher education institutions. Energy Policy, 56, 703-710. 


Lo K, Wang, M (2013). Energy Conservation in China’s Twelfth Five-Year Plan Period: Continuation or Paradigm Shift? Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 18, 499-507. 


Lo K (2013). Approaching neighborhood democracy from a longitudinal perspective: An eighteen-year case study of a homeowner association in Beijing. Urban Studies Research, 2013, 1-10. 


Lo K, Wang M (2013). The development and localisation of a foreign gated community in Beijing. Cities, 30, 186-192. 


Liu S, Zhang P, Jiang X, Lo K (2013). Measuring sustainable urbanization in China: A case study of the coastal Liaoning Area. Sustainability Science, 8, 585-594. 


Lo K (2013). Interested but unsure: Public attitudes toward electric vehicles in China. Electronic Green Journal, 36, 1-12. 

Book Chapters 


Lo K (2017). Energy efficiency programs in China. Solomon, B, Calvert K (eds), Handbook of the Geographies of Energy. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, 211-219. 


Lo K, Wang M (2017). Low-carbon (re-)industrialization: Lessons from China. Nawratek K (eds), Urban Re-Industrialization. Punctum Books, Brooklyn, 149-158. 


Lo K (2017). Grassroots environmentalism and low-carbon cities. Dhakal S, Ruth M (eds.), Creating Low Carbon Cities. Springer, Cham, 43-50. 


Lo K, Wang M, Qin B, Han S (2015). Low carbon city development in China. Han S, Green, R and Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Routledge, Oxon, 21-50. 


Lo K, Wang M (2015). Low carbon policies and programs in China. Han S, Green R, Wang, M (eds.), Towards Low Carbon Cities in China: Urban Forms and Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Routledge, Oxon, 51-75. 

Edited Journal Issues 


Lo K (2021). Regional Renewable Energy (China). Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 8. 


Lo K (2017). Regional renewable energy (China). Current Sustainable/Renewable Energy Reports, 4. 


Wang M, Lo K (2015). Special issue: Displacement and resettlement with Chinese characteristics. Geography Research Forum, 35. 

Book Reviews 


Lo K (2023). Certifying China: the rise and limits of transnational sustainability governance in emerging economies. Environmental Politics, 32, 178-180. 


Lo K (2021). Toxic politics: China’s environmental health crisis and its challenge to the Chinese State. Environmental Politics, 30, 487-488. 


Lo K (2019). Politics of renewable energy in China. Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, 59, 940-944. 


Lo K (2015). Energy efficiency: The definitive guide to the cheapest, cleanest, fastest source of energy. Energy Technology, 3, 667. 


Lo K (2014). Chinese perspectives on the environment and sustainable development. Asian Studies Review, 38, 695-696. 


Lo K (2013). Small, gritty, and green: The promise of America’s smaller industrial cities in a low-carbon world. Electronic Green Journal, 36, 1-2. 


Lo K (2013). Cities and climate change. Traffic, 13, 199-201. 

Other Publications 


Lo K (2022). COVID-19 and the rise of the surveillance state in China. Melbourne Asia Review. 


Lo K, Lo A (2016). China’s plan to increase coal power by 20% is not the climate disaster it seems. The Conversation