Academic Staff
M. Ssjjad

Dr. Sajjad Muhammad

Research Assistant Professor
Member of the Smart Society Lab

Risk-Resilience-Sustainability Nexus,
Natural Hazards, RS&GIS Applications,
Climate Change Impacts

AAB 1222
(852) 3411 2579
(852) 3411 5990



Dr. Sajjad earned his Ph.D. from the Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre at the City University of Hong Kong. He was a visiting scholar at Princeton University USA for one year (2018-19). He earned his Master's from Xiamen University, China under a fully-funded CSC Scholarship.  He works on the frontiers of interdisciplinary climate research to explore the risk-resilience-sustainability nexus using geospatial data science approaches (e.g., spatial statistical modeling, machine learning, geo-visualization/analytics). Dr. Sajjad is a dedicated person in the field of geospatial technologies (RS, GIS, Online mapping, etc.), and their application to Environmental, Public Health, Urban Planning/Design, and interdisciplinary Climate Science. He also works on Nature-based solutions for resilience building using GI-Science. One of his core areas of work includes developing integrated spatial frameworks to provide sustainable and resilient solutions. Looking forward, Dr. SAJJAD is determined to provide solutions to risk and resilience-related challenges faced by urban areas under Global Environmental Changes using coupled location intelligence (geospatial modeling), AI, and Machine Learning-based approaches for long-term sustainability.




Ph.D., Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (2017-2020)

Visiting Scholar, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Princeton University, USA (2018-2019)

MS., Coastal & Ocean Management Institute, Xiamen University, Fujian, China (2015-2017) - Distinction

BS (Honors), Department of Geography, GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan (2009-2013) – Gold Medalist




  • Earth Systems: Shaping Landscapes
  • Natural Resource Evaluation and Policy Approaches
  • Geospatial Data Science for Resilient Urban and Environmental Systems


Research Interests


  • Risk-Resilience-Sustainability Nexus
  • Geographies of Natural Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Resilience
  • Spatial Data Science, Machine Learning & Geo-AI
  • Modelling Coupled Environmental & Urban Systems
  • Interdisciplinary Climate Studies using RS&GIS
  • Nature-Based-Solutions (NBS) for Risk Mitigation & Adaptation


Research Supervision (Ph.D. Students)


Mirza Waleed: Geo Big-data, Google Earth Engine, ML/AI, Flood Risk, Urbanization, Climate Change
Luk Sum Yee: Coastal Natural Systems, Climate Change, Sea Level Rise, Ecosystem Resilience, Sustainability


Consultancy Services


  • Science-based Research and Reporting from Geographical Perspectives
  • Current and Future Climate Risk Assessment (Floods, Typhoons, Droughts, Sea Level Rise)
  • Physical Climate Risk Reporting
  • Task Force on Climate-related Financial Disclosures (TCFD) and ESG
  • Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Spatial Business Analysis (Network, Service Area, Site Suitability, Incident Mapping, Land Management, etc.)



Google Scholar:




Publons :


ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1576-1342



Editorial Contributions


Review Editor:

  • Frontiers in Environmental Science (IF 5.411)
  • Frontiers in Earth Science (IF 3.661)
  • Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution (IF 4.493)
  • Frontiers in Marine Science (IF 5.247)


Verified Peer Reviewer:

  • Sustainable Cities and Society
  • Progress in Physical Geography
  • Journal of Environmental Management
  • International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Geo-Spatial Information Science
  • Natural Hazards 
  • International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
  • Environment International
  • Environmental Science & Technology
  • Science of the Total Environment
  • Building and Environment
  • Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews




  • One-off Special Allowance (2021-2022) – 4,500 HK$ – Department of Geography, HKBU
  • Research Talent Hub Awardee (R&D) of the Innovation and Technology Commission, HKSAR (2021)
  • Partial Research Activities Fund 2018/19 (30,000 HK$) – CityU of Hong Kong
  • Fully funded Hong Kong Ph.D. Scholarship 2017/20 (~576,000 HK$) – CityU of Hong Kong
  • Fully funded China Scholarship Council Masters Scholarship 2015/17 (~86,500 HK$) – CSC China
  • Xiamen University Excellence Award for International Students 2016
  • Best paper presentation award at research forum organized by College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, China 2016
  • First Class with Distinction in BS(Hons) Geography 2013 – Gold Medalist
  • Student of the Year at Department of Geography GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan




  • Invited Talk on “Reviewing Scientific Articles, Critically, and Formulizing Frameworks for Effective Research and Results Communication” (Sukkur IBA University, Pakistan – 18-March-2022)
  • Departmental Seminar on “Nature-based Resilience Building Solutions: The Role of Natural Habitats to Reduce Coastal Vulnerability in the Face of Climate Change” (GEOG-HKBU, HKSAR – 18-Nov.-2021)
  • Invited Seminar Talk on “Building Resilient Coastal Communities:
    Coupling Typhoon Destructiveness and Social-Ecological Systems for Informed Planning”
    (ESSC-CUHK, HKSAR – 20-Aug.-2021)
  • Invited talk on International Industrial Ecology Day (June 21st, 2021)
  • Engineering Mechanics Institute Conference 2019 (California Institute of Technology, USA)
  • Princeton Research Day 2019 – Session Chair (Princeton University, USA)
  • Workshop on Disasters and Societies 2019 (University of Geneva, Switzerland)
  • International Workshop on Urbanization in Watersheds 2016 (The Institute of Urban Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
  • International Workshop on Earth Observation and Remote Sensing Applications 2017 (IEEE Sponsored)
  • Forum on New Path of Urbanization and Ecological Civilization 2016 –Best Paper Award (XMU China)


Book Chapter(s) - Peer-Reviewed


Sajjad M. (Corresponding Author) (2020) Impacts, Drivers, and Future Adaptation Opportunities for a Warming Pakistan: Learnings from an Industrialized City. In: Leal Filho W., Luetz J., Ayal D. (eds) Handbook of Climate Change Management. Springer, Cham. http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-3-030-22759-3_131-1.

Journal Articles - Peer-Reviewed



  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Munir, H., Kanwal, S., & Naqvi, S. A. A. (2022). Spatial inequalities in education status and its determinants in Pakistan: A district-level modelling in the context of sustainable development Goal-4. Applied Geography, 140, 102665.
  • Waleed M, Sajjad M. (Corresponding Author), (2022). Leveraging cloud-based computing and spatial modeling approaches for land surface temperature disparities in response to land cover change: Evidence from Pakistan. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 25, 100665.



  • Waleed M, Sajjad M. (Corresponding Author), (2021). Leveraging cloud-based computing and spatial modeling approaches for land surface temperature disparities in response to land cover change: Evidence from Pakistan. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment. Nov 18:100665.
  • Naqvi SAA, Sajjad M (Equal First Authorship), Waseem LA, Khalid S, Shaikh S, Kazmi SJH. Integrating Spatial Modelling and Space–Time Pattern Mining Analytics for Vector Disease-Related Health Perspectives: A Case of Dengue Fever in Pakistan. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(22):12018. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph182212018
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Chopra, S. S. (2021). Rethinking disaster resilience in high-density cities: Towards an urban resilience knowledge system. Sustainable Cities and Society, 69, 102850.
  • Ali, G., Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Kanwal, S., Xiao, T., Khalid, S., Shoaib, F., & Gul, H. N. (2021). Spatial–temporal characterization of rainfall in Pakistan during the past half-century (1961–2020). Scientific reports, 11(1), 1-15. (2021 Top-100 Downloaded Papers (top 15%) Award by Nature Portfolio)
  • Kanwal, S., Ding, X., Sajjad, M., Nazeer, M., & Zia, I. (2021). Remote Sensing of Narrowing Barrier Islands along the Coast of Pakistan over Past 30 Years. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(3), 295.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author) (2021). Disaster resilience in Pakistan: A comprehensive multi-dimensional spatial profiling. Applied Geography, 126, 102367.



  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Chan, J. C. (2020). Tropical Cyclone Impacts on Cities: A Case of Hong Kong. Frontiers in Built Environment, 6, 172.
  • Kanwal, S., Sajjad, M., Gabriel, H. F., & Hussain, E. (2020). Towards sustainable wastewater management: A spatial multi-criteria framework to site the Land-FILTER system in a complex urban environment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 266, 121987.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Lin, N., & Chan, J. C. (2020). Spatial heterogeneities of current and future hurricane flood risk along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Science of The Total Environment, 136704.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Lin, N. (2020). Incorporating natural habitats into coastal risk assessment frameworks. Environmental Science & Policy, 106, 99-110.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Kanwal, S. (2020). Integrating spatial statistics tools for coastal risk management: A case-study of typhoon risk in mainland China. Ocean & Coastal Management, 184, 105018.
  • Raza SH, Haq W, and Sajjad, M. (2020). COVID-19: A Psychosocial Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 554624.  
  • Kanwal, S., Ding, X., Sajjad, M., & Abbas, S. (2020). Three Decades of Coastal Changes in Sindh, Pakistan (1989–2018): A Geospatial Assessment. Remote Sensing, 12(1), 8.



  • Ali, G., Abbas, S., Pan, Y., Chen, Z., Hussain, J., Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Ashraf, A. (2019). Urban environment dynamics and low carbon society: Multi-criteria decision analysis modeling for policy makers. Sustainable Cities and Society, 51, 101763.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Chan, J. C. (2019). Risk assessment for the sustainability of coastal communities: A preliminary study. Science of The Total Environment, 671, 339-350.
  • Sajjad, M., Li, Y., Li, Y., Chan, J. C., & Khalid, S. (2019). Integrating typhoon destructive potential and social‐ecological systems toward resilient coastal communities. Earth's Future, 7(7), 805-818.



  • Khalid, S., Shoaib, F., Qian, T., Rui, Y., Bari, A. I., Sajjad, M., ... & Wang, J. (2018). Network constrained spatio-temporal hotspot mapping of crimes in Faisalabad. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 11(3), 599-622.
  • Sajjad, M., Li, Y., Tang, Z., Cao, L., & Liu, X. (2018). Assessing hazard vulnerability, habitat conservation, and restoration for the enhancement of mainland China's coastal resilience. Earth's Future, 6(3), 326-338.