Faculty Members
M. Ssjjad

Dr. Sajjad Muhammad

Research Assistant Professor
(Environmental & Urban Systems)

Risk-Resilience-Sustainability Nexus,
Natural Hazards, RS&GIS Applications,
Climate Change Impacts

AAB 1222
(852) 3411 5990



Dr. Sajjad earned his Ph.D. from the Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre at the City University of Hong Kong. He was a visiting scholar at the Princeton University USA for one year (2018-19). He earned his Masters from Xiamen University, China under fully-funded CSC Scholarship. He works on the frontiers of interdisciplinary climate research to explore risk-resilience-sustainability nexus using geospatial data science approaches (e.g., spatial statistical modelling, machine learning, geo-visualization/analytics). Dr. Sajjad is a dedicated person in the field of geospatial technologies (RS, GIS, Online mapping, etc.), and their application to Environmental, Public Health, Urban Planning/Design, and interdisciplinary Climate Science. He also works on Nature-based solutions for resilience building using GI-Science. One of his core areas of work includes developing integrated spatial frameworks to provide sustainable and resilient solutions. Looking forward, Dr. SAJJAD is determined to provide solutions to risk and resilience-related challenges faced by urban areas under Global Environmental Changes using coupled location intelligence (geospatial modelling), AI, and Machine Learning-based approaches for long-term sustainability.




Ph.D., Guy Carpenter Asia-Pacific Climate Impact Centre, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR (2017-2020)

Visiting Scholar, School of Engineering & Applied Science, Princeton University, USA (2018-2019)

MS., Coastal & Ocean Management Institute, Xiamen University, Fujian, China (2015-2017) - Distinction

BS (Honors), Department of Geography, GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan (2009-2013) – Gold Medalist




  • Earth Systems: Shaping Landscapes
  • Natural Resource Evaluation and Policy Approaches
  • Geospatial Data Science for Resilient Urban and Environmental Systems


Research Interests


  • Risk-Resilience-Sustainability Nexus
  • Geographies of Natural Hazards, Vulnerabilities and Resilience
  • Spatial Data Science, Machine Learning & Geo-AI
  • Modelling Coupled Environmental & Urban Systems
  • Interdisciplinary Climate Studies using RS&GIS
  • Nature-Based-Solutions (NBS) for Risk Mitigation & Adaptation




Google Scholar:




Publons :


ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1576-1342



Editorial Contributions


Reviewed for the following Journals:

  • Sustainable Cities and Society
  • Progress in Physical Geography
  • Journal of Environmental Management
  • International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction
  • Geo-Spatial Information Science
  • Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences
  • Environment International
  • Environmental Science & Technology
  • Science of the Total Environment




  • Research Talent Hub Awardee (R&D) of the Innovation and Technology Commission, HKSAR (2021)
  • Partial Research Activities Fund 2018/19 (30,000 HK$) – CityU of Hong Kong
  • Fully funded Hong Kong Ph.D. Scholarship 2017/20 (~576,000 HK$) – CityU of Hong Kong
  • Fully funded China Scholarship Council Masters Scholarship 2015/17 (~86,500 HK$) – CSC China
  • Xiamen University Excellence Award for International Students 2016
  • Best paper presentation award at research forum organized by College of Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, China 2016
  • First Class with Distinction in BS(Hons) Geography 2013 – Gold Medalist
  • Student of the Year at Department of Geography GC University Faisalabad, Pakistan


Book Chapter(s)


Sajjad M. (Corresponding Author) (2020) Impacts, Drivers, and Future Adaptation Opportunities for a Warming Pakistan: Learnings from an Industrialized City. In: Leal Filho W., Luetz J., Ayal D. (eds) Handbook of Climate Change Management. Springer, Cham. http://doi-org-443.webvpn.fjmu.edu.cn/10.1007/978-3-030-22759-3_131-1.

Journal Articles



  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Chopra, S. S. (2021). Rethinking disaster resilience in high-density cities: Towards an urban resilience knowledge system. Sustainable Cities and Society, 69, 102850.
  • Ali, G., Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Kanwal, S., Xiao, T., Khalid, S., Shoaib, F., & Gul, H. N. (2021). Spatial–temporal characterization of rainfall in Pakistan during the past half-century (1961–2020). Scientific reports, 11(1), 1-15.
  • Kanwal, S., Ding, X., Sajjad, M., Nazeer, M., & Zia, I. (2021). Remote Sensing of Narrowing Barrier Islands along the Coast of Pakistan over Past 30 Years. Journal of Marine Science and Engineering, 9(3), 295.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author) (2021). Disaster resilience in Pakistan: A comprehensive multi-dimensional spatial profiling. Applied Geography, 126, 102367.



  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Chan, J. C. (2020). Tropical Cyclone Impacts on Cities: A Case of Hong Kong. Frontiers in Built Environment, 6, 172.
  • Kanwal, S., Sajjad, M., Gabriel, H. F., & Hussain, E. (2020). Towards sustainable wastewater management: A spatial multi-criteria framework to site the Land-FILTER system in a complex urban environment. Journal of Cleaner Production, 266, 121987.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Lin, N., & Chan, J. C. (2020). Spatial heterogeneities of current and future hurricane flood risk along the US Atlantic and Gulf coasts. Science of The Total Environment, 136704.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Lin, N. (2020). Incorporating natural habitats into coastal risk assessment frameworks. Environmental Science & Policy, 106, 99-110.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), Chan, J. C., & Kanwal, S. (2020). Integrating spatial statistics tools for coastal risk management: A case-study of typhoon risk in mainland China. Ocean & Coastal Management, 184, 105018.
  • Raza SH, Haq W, and Sajjad, M. (2020). COVID-19: A Psychosocial Perspective. Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 554624.  
  • Kanwal, S., Ding, X., Sajjad, M., & Abbas, S. (2020). Three Decades of Coastal Changes in Sindh, Pakistan (1989–2018): A Geospatial Assessment. Remote Sensing, 12(1), 8.



  • Ali, G., Abbas, S., Pan, Y., Chen, Z., Hussain, J., Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Ashraf, A. (2019). Urban environment dynamics and low carbon society: Multi-criteria decision analysis modeling for policy makers. Sustainable Cities and Society, 51, 101763.
  • Sajjad, M. (Corresponding Author), & Chan, J. C. (2019). Risk assessment for the sustainability of coastal communities: A preliminary study. Science of The Total Environment, 671, 339-350.
  • Sajjad, M., Li, Y., Li, Y., Chan, J. C., & Khalid, S. (2019). Integrating typhoon destructive potential and social‐ecological systems toward resilient coastal communities. Earth's Future, 7(7), 805-818.



  • Khalid, S., Shoaib, F., Qian, T., Rui, Y., Bari, A. I., Sajjad, M., ... & Wang, J. (2018). Network constrained spatio-temporal hotspot mapping of crimes in Faisalabad. Applied Spatial Analysis and Policy, 11(3), 599-622.
  • Sajjad, M., Li, Y., Tang, Z., Cao, L., & Liu, X. (2018). Assessing hazard vulnerability, habitat conservation, and restoration for the enhancement of mainland China's coastal resilience. Earth's Future, 6(3), 326-338.